Sustainable Cosmetic Product Development

Wen Schroeder, et al.

Format Details

  • Hardcover
  • 384 Pages
  • Published 2011
  • ISBN-10: 1932633847
  • ISBN-13: 9781932633849
  • Description
  • Table of Contents
  • Author Information
  • Expert Review

In the past several years, interwoven in the broader movement for sustainable, healthy, and environmentally friendly business practices, the personal care and cosmetic industry has vigorously invested in and launched an expanding stream of new "green" products. However, while the word green has been in use as a universal umbrella term for all things natural and/or organic, there remains confusion as to what exactly constitutes organic or natural. What regulations apply to your products? How do you maintain a high level of innovation while complying with regulations and standards? What private industry certifications give substance to your marketing campaigns? Within this book lie the answers to these questions and much more.

As one of the first comprehensive technical reference works for the cosmetic and personal care industry, this indispensable practical handbook will serve formulators, marketers and business decision-makers looking to navigate smooth sailing in each of the major areas of scantly charted green waters. Learn processes and purposes for the formulation of skin care, hair care, color cosmetics and fragrances.

Fundamental technical concepts and guidelines for tracking developing information will be presented for each of the following topics:

  • Formulation, testing and green ingredients selection sourcing
  • Regulatory, labeling, claims and marketing
  • Certification programs
  • Sustainable business practice
  • Sustainable environmental policy/practice
  • About the Authors
  • Dedication/Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: The Evolution of Green in Market and Mind
    • 1.1 How Did We Get to Green?
    • 1.2 The Globalization of a Growing Movement
    • 1.3 The Green Movement in Beauty and Cosmetics
    • 1.4 Is It Green or Greenwashed? Confusion over Measures, Standards, and Certifications
    • 1.5 The Shift in Consumer Mindset
    • 1.6 The Driving Consumer Values
    • 1.7 Who Exactly is the Green Consumer?
    • 1.8 The Response of Retailers and Manufacturers
    • 1.9 Outlook and Forecast
  • Chapter 2: Evolution of Global Personal Care Product Regulations, Product Standards and Certification Schemes—Going Green & Sustainable
    • 2.1. Evolution of the Global Green Movement: from human health and safety to environmental sustainability
    • 2.2. Overview of Green Cosmetic Standards: Proliferation and Harmonization
    • 2.3. Global Natural Cosmetic Regulations
    • 2.4. Global Organic Cosmetic Regulations
    • 2.5. Overview of Green Cosmetic Product Standards and Certification
    • 2.6. Green Claims Substantiation and Enforcement
  • Chapter 3: Formulating Cosmetics with Green Ingredients
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 “Green”
    • 3.3 Two Practical Approaches to Greener Cosmetics: Green Chemistry and Eco-responsibility
    • 3.4 Conclusion
  • Chapter 4: Formulating Eco-responsible “Green” Skin Care Products
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Ingredient Categories and Their “Greenness”
    • 4.3 Conclusion
  • Chapter 5: Formulating Green Personal Care Products — Hair Care
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Hair Care Market
    • 5.3 Tried and Tested Hair Care Ingredients
    • 5.4 History of Hair Care
    • 5.5 Greening Shampoo
    • 5.6 Surfactants
    • 5.7 Natural Thickeners for Shampoo
    • 5.8 Importance of Viscosity
    • 5.9 Color
    • 5.10 Fragrance
    • 5.11 Preservatives
    • 5.12 Silicones
    • 5.13 Chitin and Chitosan
    • 5.14 Enzyme Technology
    • 5.15 Conclusion
  • Chapter 6: Formulating Green Personal Care Products — Color Cosmetics
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Makeup Products
    • 6.3 Pigments
    • 6.4 Fillers
    • 6.5 Waxes
    • 6.6 Oils and Butters
    • 6.7 Emulsifiers
    • 6.8 Humectants—Hydrotropes
    • 6.9 Polymeric Additives
    • 6.10 Antioxidants
    • 6.11 Perfumes and Flavors
    • 6.12 Preservatives
  • Chapter 7: Formulating Green Personal Care Products — Fragrance
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 History
    • 7.3 RIFM/IFRA
    • 7.4 QRA
    • 7.5 Respiratory
    • 7.6 RIFM Today
    • 7.7 The Green Movement
    • 7.8 Organics
    • 7.9 Nature Identical
    • 7.10 Problems
    • 7.11 Outside Forces
    • 7.12 Green Chemistry
    • 7.13 Data and Models
    • 7.14 DfE Human Health
    • 7.15 Sustainability and Fair Trade
    • 7.16 Conclusion
  • Chapter 8: Green Product Packaging Options and Considerations
    • 8.1 Packaging Functions
    • 8.2 Packaging Systems
    • 8.3 Life Cycle Approach
    • 8.4 Definitions of Sustainable Packaging
    • 8.5 Material and Energy Considerations
    • 8.6 End-of-Life Considerations
    • 8.7 Legislative and Regulatory Considerations
    • 8.8 Summary
  • Chapter 9: Global Sourcing and Supply Chain
    • 9.1 Preface
    • 9.2 Global Sourcing Today
    • 9.3 World Challenges: People
    • 9.4 Climate
    • 9.5 Biodiversity
    • 9.6 Farming
    • 9.7 Global Sourcing Tomorrow?
    • 9.8 Global Sourcing and Empowerment
    • 9.9 Where Do I Start?
    • 9.10 Update and Cautions
    • 9.11 Purchase Parameters
    • 9.12 Catastrophe or Opportunity
    • 9.13 Sourcing Enterprises
    • 9.14 In Closing
  • Chapter 10: Reducing Carbon Footprint in Manufacturing Personal Care Products
    • 10.1 Evolution of Cosmetics in a Changing Society
    • 10.2 Green Zeitgeist and Green Cosmetics
    • 10.3 Chemicals in Our Environment
    • 10.4 Global Warming and Green Chemistry for Cosmetic Manufacturing
    • 10.5 Increasing Need for Improved Energy Efficiency
    • 10.6 Energy Requirements in Manufacturing Skin Care Emulsions
    • 10.7 Principles of “Less Is More” and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    • 10.8 Harnessing the Power of Process Variables (pV)
    • 10.9 Low-energy Emulsification (LEE)
    • 10.10 Optimizing Product Quality with LEE Processing
    • 10.11 Preparing for Tomorrow
  • Index

Wen Schroeder, RAC, president, SEKI Cosmeticals LLC, has more than 20 years of personal care product development and pharmaceutical research experience with 30 US patents and numerous foreign filings. Schroeder has degrees in Pharmacy and Environmental Science specializing in Environmental Toxicology and Environmental Law. She is an RAC-certified Regulatory Affairs professional experienced in the regulation of cosmetics, food, drugs, medical devices and chemical/product life cycle management. Schroeder writes and teaches many professional courses on cosmetic and sunscreen product development, as well as FDA and EPA regulations.

Other authors include T. Joseph Lin, Luigi Rigano, Karl Lintner, and Steve Herman.

"Professionals working in the cosmetics and personal care industry as chemists, managers, and consultants offer a practical handbook for formulators, marketers, and business decision makers to each of the major areas of sustainable product development. Among their topics are the evolution of green in market and mind, formulating cosmetics with green ingredients, color cosmetics, green product packaging options and considerations, and global sourcing and supply chain. Carbon footprint reduction in the manufacturing of personal care products is also discussed. Schroeder is president of SEKI Cosmeticals LLC."

Review from Reference and Research Book News, Volume 27, Number 1

— Eithne O'Leyne
Annotation © Book News Inc., Portland, OR,

"Wen Schroeder has successfully put together a wise and inclusive compilation that cover the different aspects of sustainable cosmetic product development. This includes a historical overview and reasoning, pros and cons of this industry trend, as well as different applications in skin, hair, color cosmetics and fragrance, all written by recognized experts. This book is highly recommended for any industry or academia personnel involved in green product development or who are interested in learning the topic from a broad, intelligent and organized perspective."

— Nava Dayan, PhD
Head of R&D, Skin Care, Lipo Chemicals
Associate Adjunct Professor, Rutgers University

Customer Reviews

Customer Reviews
Chase Polan
As someone deeply concerned with the global impact of input choices, I believe that Wen Schroeder's book could not be more valuable. There is not another resource so specifically geared towards the challenges of sustainable product development from R&D phase to market. This book will provide you with a wealth of information and prove to be a solid resource as you pursue your quest to sustainability excellence. It will answer many questions, and more importantly, help you know the questions you must ask.
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