Hair Relaxers: Science, Design, and Application

Patrick Obukowho

Format Details

  • Softcover
  • 142 Pages
  • Published 2012
  • ISBN-13: 9781932633825
  • Description
  • Table of Contents
  • Author Information
  • Expert Review

If you want to know the basic concepts of hair relaxer chemistry and how it is done, this book is for you!

Consumer demand for hair relaxers is growing at an exponential rate. The need for better, more usable products with fewer harsh side-effects, improved conditioning properties, and hair strength retention has increased dramatically. Along with better long-term results and ease of use, these key issues in hair relaxer technology are addressed in Hair Relaxers: Science, Design, and Application.

Drawing on his more than two decades of hands-on experience in hair relaxer technology and formulative development, Patrick Obukowho has crafted a well-defined, comprehensive, and easy-to-read guide to understanding and applying the chemistry of hair relaxers to practical and dynamic formulating. Hair Relaxers: Science, Design, and Application investigates the history of relaxer technology and its present development and application in the following topics:

  • Hair, Ethnic Hair, and Hair Relaxer Chemistry
  • History and Evolution of Hair Relaxers
  • Emulsion Design and Perfecting Emulsions
  • Ingredients and Their Role in Relaxer Formulations
  • Post-treatment Products and Alternative Straightening Methods
  • And more!

Patrick Obukowho is president and principal consulting chemist of Advantage Research Lab (ARL), which he founded in 2005 to further his expertise in relaxer technology and explore the science of formulating and designing new ingredients for the ethnic market. Obukowho earned his Bachelor of Science in Chemistry from Chicago State University, and has since garnered more than twenty years of experience in ethnic product formulation and raw material evaluation. He began as a research chemist with Luster Products before joining Croda Inc., in 1994, first as an application specialist, then as research manager for personal care applications, and finally as executive program manager for ethnic product development before leaving to open ARL. His long history in developing ethnic products for the personal care industry has given him extensive experience and wide exposure both domestically and internationally. He is a member of the “ASK THE EXPERT” panel with the Society of Cosmetic Chemist (SCC), for which he has also conducted courses on Ethnic Product Formulation and Chemistry. He is furthermore a co-holder of several US patents and has numerous publications to his credit.

"Obukowho, a consulting chemist for a company he founded to explore relaxer technology and the science of formulating and designing new ingredients for the ethnic market, offers chemists and manufacturers a guide to relaxer chemistry and technology and understanding and applying their chemistry to practical formulating. He covers hair and ethnic hair chemistry; the history and evolution, chemistry, and definitions of hair relaxers; relaxer emulsion design and production; ingredients and their role in formulations; controlling hair damage with post-treatment products; and alternative methods of hair straightening."

— Eithne O'Leyne
Annotation © Book News Inc., Portland, OR,

Customer Reviews

Customer Reviews
Abe Minkara
It became very clear from reading this book that emulsions have very unique properties, especially when dealing with relaxer actives. Obukowho clearly explains the importance of emulsion design in the making of relaxer creams. And there is also useful information for creams and lotions that have different types of actives. I definitely recommend this book for all bench chemists working on creams/lotions with active ingredients, especially actives for relaxers.
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